30-10-2022  (292 lectures) Categoria: Medical

TENS vs. BMAC

A comparison of the analgesic efficacy of medium-frequency alternating current and TENS

Published:September 03, 2009DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physio.2009.06.005

Abstract

Objective

To compare the analgesic efficacy of burst-modulated medium-frequency alternating current (BMAC) and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) using an experimental cold pain model.

Design

Within-group crossover study.

Setting

A university research laboratory.

Participants

Twenty healthy subjects.

Interventions

BMAC (4-kHz AC applied in 4-millisecond bursts at 50‚ÄÖHz) and TENS (125-microsecond phase duration applied at a frequency of 50‚ÄÖHz) administered to each participant on separate occasions.

Main outcome measure

Time to cold pain threshold.

Results

The mean time to cold pain threshold with the BMAC intervention was no different than with TENS. Statistical analysis showed that both interventions elevated the cold pain threshold significantly [BMAC: increase‚ÄÖ=‚ÄÖ15.2‚ÄÖseconds, 97.5% confidence interval (CI) 3.1 to 27.2,¬†P =‚ÄÖ0.01; TENS: increase‚ÄÖ=‚ÄÖ15.4‚ÄÖseconds, 97.5%CI 2.5 to 28.4,¬†P =‚ÄÖ0.02], and the difference between interventions was not simply insignificant but the intervention effects were ‚Äėsignificantly the same‚Äô (mean difference‚ÄÖ=‚ÄÖ0.3‚ÄÖseconds, 95%CI ‚ąí15.3 to 15.9,¬†P =‚ÄÖ0.97).

Conclusions

BMAC is as effective as TENS in increasing cold pain thresholds in healthy subjects. Since BMAC has been shown to be more comfortable than TENS in previous studies and is likely to be better accepted and tolerated by patients, clinical investigation is warranted.

Keywords

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