28-09-2013  (2895 lectures) Categoria: cortez

Latin nouns and adjectives

The citation form for nouns (the one normally shown in Latin dictionaries) is the Latin nominative singular, but this typically does not exhibit the root form from which English nouns are generally derived.

Latin nouns and adjectives
Citation form Declining stem Meaning English derivatives
acer acer- maple aceric
acer acr- sharp acrid, acrimony
acerbus acerb- bitter acerbic, acerbity, exacerbate
acervus acerv- heap acervate, acervose
acētum acēt- vinegar acetic
acus acu- needle acuity, acumen, acute
aedificium aedifici- building edifice
aequus aequ-, -iqu- even, level adequate, equality, equity, iniquity
aes aer- ore
aevum aev- age, eon eviternal, longevity, mediaeval, primaeval
ager agr-, -egr- field agriculture, peregrine
alacer alacr- quick alacrity
albus alb- white albedo, albino, album, albumen
alius ali- other alias, alien
anima anim- soul, life animal, animate
animus anim- mind, anger animosity
annus ann- year annual, annuity
ānser ānser- goose anserine
aqua aqu- water aquamarine, aquarium, aquatic, aqueduct, aquifer
aquila aquil- eagle aquiline
arbor arbor- tree arboreal, arboretum
ars art- art, skill artifact, artificial
asinus asin- donkey asinine
audāx audāc- brave, bold audacious, audacity
auris aur- ear aural, auricle
aurum aur- gold aureate
avis avi- bird Aves, avian, aviary
bellum bell- war antebellum, bellicose, belligerence, rebellion
bellus bell- pretty embellish
bestia besti- animal bestial, bestiary
bini bin- two each binary, combination
bonus
– melior
– optimus
bon-
– melior-
– optim-
good
– better
– best
bonus
– ameliorate
– optimal, optimist
bōs bov- cow, ox bovine
bracchium brac- arm, support embrace, braces, bracelet
brevis brev- brief, short brevity
butyrum butyr- butter butyric
calx calc-
-culc-
heel inculcate
calx calc- limestone, pebble calciform, calculus, calculation
canis can- dog canid, canine
caper capr- goat caprine
capillus capill- hair capillaries
caput capit- head capital, decapitation
cardo cardin- hinge cardinal
caro carn- flesh carnal, carnivore, incarnate
catena caten- chain catenary, catenative
cauda caud-, cod- tail caudal, coda
causa caus-, -cus-
accusative, causal
cavus cav- hollow cave, cavity, concave
centum cent- hundred centennial
cera cer- wax ceraceous
certus cert- certain certiorari, certitude
cervīx cervīc- neck cervical, cervix
cinis ciner- ashes incinerator
cīvis cīv- citizen civil, civilian, civility
clāvicula clāvicul- little key clavicle
clavis clav- key clavier
clemens clement- mild clemency, inclement
collum coll- neck collar
cor cord- heart accord, cordial, courage
corbis corb- basket corb, corf
cornū corn- horn Capricorn, cornucopia, unicorn
corpus corpor- body corporal, corporeal, corpulent, corpuscle
corvus corv- raven corbel, corvine
coxa cox- hip coxal
cras cras- tomorrow procrastinate
crassus crass- thick crass, crassitude
creta cret- chalk cretaceous
crimen crimin-
criminal
crux cruc- cross crucial, crucifix, crucify
culina culin- kitchen culinary
cuneus cune- wedge cuneate, cuneiform
cura cur- care cure, curious
curtus curt- shortened curt
cuspis cuspid- tip bicuspid
decem decem- ten decemfid, decempedal, decemvir
decimus decim- tenth decimal
decus decor-
decorous, decorum
dens dent- tooth dental, dentifrice, denture, trident
deus de- god deification, deity
dexter dextr- right dexterous, dextral
diēs diē- day diary, quotidian
digitus digit- finger, toe digit, digital
dignus dign- worthy condign, dignity
discipulus discipul- student disciple
dominus domin- lord domain, dominate, dominion
domus dom- house domestic, domicile
duo du- two duality, duplex
equus equ- horse equestrian, equine
faber fabr-
fabric
falx falc- sickle falcate, falciform
fames fam- hunger famine, famished
fauces fauc-, -foc- throat faucal, suffocate
fēlēs fēl- cat feline
fēlix fēlic- happy felicity, felicitations
fēmina fēmin- woman effeminate, femininity
femur femor- thigh femoral, femur
fenestra fenestr- window defenestration
ferox feroc- fierce ferocious, ferocity
ferrum ferr- iron ferrite, ferrous
ferus fer- wild feral
fides fid- faith confidence, infidel, infidelity, perfidy
fīlia
fīlius
fīli- daughter
son
affiliation, filial
filum fil- thread bifilar, filament
fīnis fīn- end, limit affine, affinity, confines, final, infinity, infinitive
firmus firm- firm confirm, firmament
fiscus fisc- basket confiscation, fiscal
flavus flav- yellow flavin, flavivirus
flōs flōr- flower floral, florist
focus foc- hearth bifocal, focal
foedus foeder-
confederation, federal
folium foli- leaf defoliant, foliage, folio, folivore, portfolio
fons font-
font, fontal, fontanelle
foris for- outdoors foreclose, foreign, forest, forum
fōrma fōrm- form, shape deform, formal, formative, formula, information
formica formic- ant formic
formus form- warm
fornix fornic- vault forniciform
fors fort- luck fortuitous, fortune
fortis fort- strength effort, fortify, fortitude
frāter frātr- brother fraternal, fraternity, fratricide
fraus fraud- fraud fraudulent
frequens frequent- often frequency, frequentative
frōns front- forehead affront, confront, front, frontal
frūx frūg- fruit frugal
fūmus fūm- smoke fume, fumigation
fundus fund- bottom fundamental, profundity
fungus fung- mushroom fungal, fungicide
funis fun- rope funicular
fuscus fusc- dark obfuscation
gens gent-
gentile, gentility, gentle
genu genu- knee genuflection
genus gener- birth, offspring, creation general, generation, generic, generous, genuine
glacies glaci- ice glacial, glacier
gladius gladi- sword gladiator, gladiolus
gluten glutin- glue agglutination, glutinous
granum gran- grain granary, granule
gravis grav- heavy gravid, gravitation, gravity
grex greg- flock, herd congregation, gregarious
grossus gross- thick gross
gula gul-
gullet, gully
gurges gurgit-
regurgitate
guttur guttur- throat guttural
herba herb- grass herbaceous, herbal, herbicide
hibernus hibern-
hibernacle, hibernal
hiems hiem- winter hiemal
homō homin- man (human being) homicide, hominid
hortus hort- garden horticulture
hostis host- enemy hostile
humus hum- ground humiliate, humility
ignis ign- fire igneous, ignite, ignition
inguen inguin- groin inguinal
īnsula īnsul- island insular, insulate, peninsula
iocus
jocus
joc- jest jocular, joke
iūdex
judex
iūdic- judge judge, judicial, judiciary, adjudicate
iugum
jugum
iug- yoke conjugal, conjugate
iūs iūr- right, law abjure, conjure, justice, jurisdiction
iuvenis
juvenis
juven- young juvenile
labia labi- lip labial
labor labor- toil elaboration, laborious
lac lact- milk lactate, lactic, lactose
lacrima lacrim- tear lachrymose
lapis lapid- stone dilapidate, lapidary
lassus lass-
lassitude
latex latic- liquid laticifer
latus lat- broad, wide latifoliate, latitude
latus later- side collateral, lateral
laus laud- praise laud, laudable, Lauds
laxus lax- loose laxity, relax
lenis leni- gentle leniency
lens lent- lentil lenticel, lenticular
lentus lent-
lentic, relent
leo leon- lion leonine
lepus lepor- hare leporid, leporine
levis lev- light (weight) levity, relieve
lēx lēg- law alleged, legal, legislation, privilege
liber liber- free liberal
liber libr- book library
libra libr- balance, scales equilibrium
lignum lign- wood ligneous, lignite
limbus limb- edge limbate, limbic, limbo
linea line- line collinear, linearity
lingua lingu- tongue bilingual, lingua franca, linguistics, multilingual
lira lir- furrow delirium
littera litter- letter literary, literature
locus loc- place locality, locative
longus long- long elongate, longitude
lucrum lucr-
lucrative, lucre
lumen lumin- light luminary, luminous
lūna lūn- Moon lunar, lunate, lunatic
lupus lup- wolf lupine
lux luc- light Lucifer, luciferous
macula macul- spot immaculate, macula, macular, macule
magister magistr- master magisterial, magistrate
magnus
– māior
– maximus
magn-
– māior-
– maxim-
big, great
– bigger
– biggest
magnitude
– majority
– maximum
malus
– peior
– pessimus
mal-
– peior-
– pessim-
bad
– worse
– worst
malevolence, malice, malignant
– pejorative
– pessimist
manus manu- hand manual, manuscript
mare mar- sea marine, mariner, maritime, ultramarine
Mars marti- Mars martial, Martian
māter mātr- mother material, maternal, maternity, matrimony, matrix, matron, matter
medius medi- middle media, median, medieval, medium, intermediate, immediate, mediocre
mel mell- honey mellifluent
memor memor- mindful commemorate, memoir, memorial, memory
menda mend- blemish emend
mens ment- mind mental
merus mer- pure mere
miles milit- soldier militant, military, militia
mille mill- thousand millennium, millipede
modus mod-
modal
mollis moll- soft emollient
mora mor- delay moratorium
morbus morb- sickness morbid, morbidity
mors mort- death mortal, rigor mortis
mortuus mort- dead mortuary, moribund, morgue
mos mor- custom morality, mores
multus
– plus
mult-
– plur-
many
– more
multitude
plurality
mulus mul- mule mular
mundus mund- world mundane
murus mur- wall mural
mus mur- mouse murine
nasus nas- nose nasal
navis nav- ship naval
neuter neutr- neither neutral
niger nigr- black denigrate
nihil nihil- nothing nil, nihilism, annihilate
nodus nod- knot nodal, nodule
nomen nomin- name ignominy, nominal, nominative, trinominal
nonageni nonagen- ninety each nonagenarian, nonagenary
nōnus non- ninth nonary, None
norma norm- carpenter's square enormous, norm, normal, normative
novus nov- new innovative, novelty, novice
nox noct- night equinox, nocturnal
nudus nud- naked denude, nudity
numerus numer- number enumerate, innumerable, numeracy, numeral, numerator, numerous
octāvus octav- eighth octaval, octave
octō oct- eight octal, octangular, octennial, octuple
octōni octon- eight each octonary, octonion
oculus ocul- eye inoculation, ocular
omen omin-
ominous
omnis omn- all omnipotence, omnipresence, omniscience, omnivore
onus oner- burden, load exonerate, onerous, onus
opacus opac- shady opacity
ops op-
copious, opulent
opus oper- work opera
orbis orb- ring orb, orbit
ordo ordin- order ordinal, ordinance, ordinary, ordination
os or- mouth oral, orifice
os oss- bone ossify, ossuary
otium oti- leisure negotiate, otiose
ovis ov- sheep ovine
ovum ov- egg oval, ovary, ovule, ovum
par par- equal comparative, comparator, disparity, parile, parity, peer
paries pariet- wall parietal
pars part- piece compartment, departure, partial, particle
parvus parv- small parvovirus
passer passer- sparrow passerine
pater patr- father paternal, paternity, patrimony, patron, perpetrate
paucus pauc- few paucal, paucity
pavīmentum pavīment- ground pavement
pax pac- peace pacific, pacify
pectus pector- chest pectoral
pēs ped- foot biped, expedient, expedition, impediment, pedal, pedestrian, pedicure
pestis pest- pest pesticide, pestiferous, pestilence
pinna pinn- feather pinnacle, pinnate
pirus pir- pear piriform
piscis pisc- fish pisces, pisciform, piscine
planta plant- sole plantar
planus plan- flat planar, plane
platea plate- place placement
plebs pleb-
plebian
pluma plum- feather plumage
pluvia pluvi- rain pluvial
pondus ponder- weight ponderous, pound, preponderance
pons pont- bridge pontine, pontoon
porcus porc- pig porcine
porta port- gate porch, portal, portico
prandium prandi- lunch prandial, preprandial
pravus prav- crooked depravity
pretium preti- price depreciation, precious
prex prec- prayer preces
prior
prīmus
prior-
– prīm-
former
– first
priority
– primal, primary, prime
privus priv- own privacy, private
probus prob-
probable, probation, probative, probity, reprobate
proprius propri- proper appropriate, propriety
prunus prun- plum prune
pulcher pulchr- beautiful pulchritude
pulmo pulmon- lung pulmonary
pulvis pulver- dust, powder pulverize
punctum punct- point contrapuntal, punctual, punctuation
purus pur- pure impurity, purity
pus pur- pus purulent
quadrini quadrin- four each quadrin
quadrum quadr- square quadrate, quadratic, quadrature
quartus quart- fourth quartal, quartan, quartic
quaterni quatern- four each quaternary, quaternion
quintus quint- fifth quintal, quintan, quintessence, quintic
radius radi- ray, spoke radial, radian
radix radic- root eradicate, radical, radicand
ramus ram- branch ramification, ramose
remus rem- oar bireme, quinquereme
rēn ren- kidney renal
res re- thing reality
rete ret- net reticulate, retiform, retina
rēx rēg- king regal, regent
ripa rip- bank riparian
ritus rit- rite ritual
rivus riv- brook derive, rival, rivulet
rosa ros- rose rosaceous, rosary
rota rot- wheel rotary, rotation
ruber rubr- red erubescent, rubric
rūdis rūd- rude rudimentary
rūs rūr- countryside, farm rural, rustic
sacer sacr- sacred sacrifice, sacristy
saepes saep- hedge septum
sal sal- salt salary, salinity
sanguis sanguin- blood consanguineous, sanguine
sanus san- sound insanity, sanatorium
semen semin- seed disseminate, semen, seminal, seminar, seminary
semis semi- half semicolon, semiconductor, semiconscious, seminatural
senex sen- old man senator, senility, senior
seni sen- six each senary
septem sept- seven septangular, septemvir, septennial
septeni septen- seven each septenary
sex sex- six sexangular, sexavalent, sexennial
sexageni sexagen- sixty each sexagenarian, sexagenary
sexagesimus sexagesim- sixtieth sexagesimal
sextus sext- sixth bissextile, Sext, sextan, sextans, sextic, sextile
sibilus sibil- hiss sibilant
siccus sicc- dry desiccant, desiccation
sidus sider- constellation consider, sidereal
silva silv- forest silvan, silviculture
similis simil- like similar, verisimilitude
sincerus sincer-
sincerity
singulus singul- one each singularity
sinister sinistr- left sinister, sinistral
sinus sinu- curve sinuous
sol sol- sun insolate, solar, soliform
solum sol- bottom insole, sole
solus sol- alone, only sole, solitary, solitude, solo
somnus somn- sleep insomnia, somnolent
sonus son- sound absonant, consonant, dissonance, resonance, sonorant, sonority
sopor sopor- deep sleep sopor, soporific
soror soror- sister sororal, sororate, sororicide, sorority
spes sper- hope desperate
spina spin- thorn spinal, spinescent, spiniferous, spiniform
squama squam- scale squamate, squamella, squamiform, squamose, squamous
stria stri- furrow striation, striature
strix strig- owl strigine
suavis suav- sweet suave
sucus
succus
succ- juice succulent
sulcus sulc- furrow sulcal, sulcate, sulciform
tardus tard- slow retard, tardy
tempus tempor- time contemporaneous, temporal, temporary
tenuis tenu- thin tenuous
terminus termin- boundary interminable, terminal, terminative
terni tern- three each ternary, ternion
terra terr- dry land terrace, terracotta, terrain, terrestrial, extraterrestrial, territory
tertius terti- third Terce, tertial, tertian, tertiary
testis test- witness intestate, testament, testimony
totus tot- all, whole totality
tres tri- three triangle, triceps, triennial
tricae tric- tricks extricate
turba turb-
disturbance, turbidity, turbine
umbra umbr- shade, shadow adumbration, penumbra, umbrella
uncia unci- twelfth ounce, quincuncial, uncial
unda und- wave abundant, inundate, undulate
unus un- one coadunate, unary, unate, uniformity, union
urbs urb- city suburb, urban
ursus urs- bear ursine
vacuus vacu- empty vacuous, vacuum
vagus vag- wandering vagile, vague
vallum vall- rampart vallate
vanus van- empty, vain vanity
varius vari- varying variable, variety, various
vas vas- vessel vasal, vase
vastus vast- empty devastate, vastitude
vehiculum vehicul- wagon vehicle, vehicular
velox veloc- quick, swift velocity
velum vel- sail, veil velamen, velar, velate
vena ven- vein venation, venous, venule
venter ventr- belly ventral, ventricle
ventus vent- wind ventilator
venum ven-
venality
venus vener- desire venerable, venereal
verbum verb- word adverb, proverbial, verbal, verbatim, verbose
vermis verm- worm vermian, vermicelli, vermicular, vermiculite, vermiform
vernus vern- spring vernal
vērus ver- true veracious, veracity, verify, veritable, verity
vesper vesper- evening vespertine
vestigium vestig- trace, track vestigial
vestis vest- clothing vestment, vesture
vetus veter- old veteran
via vi- way devious, obvious, trivial, vialis
vicis vic- change vicarious, vicissitude
vicus vic-
vicinity
vigesimus vigesim- twentieth septemvigesimal, vigesimal
vilis vil- cheap, vile revile, vilify
vīlla vill- country house villa, village
vinum vin- wine viniculture
vir vir- man (masculine) triumvirate, virile, virility, virtue
virga virg- rod, twig virgate, virgule
viscus viscer- internal organ eviscerate, visceral
vita vit- life vital, vitality
vitium viti-
vice, vicious, vitiate
vitrum vitr- glass vitreous
vola vol- palm volar
vox voc- voice advocate, vocal, vocative, vociferous
vulgus vulg- crowd vulgar, vulgarity, vulgate
vulnus vulner- wound vulnerable, vulnerose
vulpēs vulp- fox vulpicide, vulpine




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